Here is useful information you should take consideration on when developing a website.
Definition & Function
In general, a markup language is the language that builds the web. It annotates text so that
the computer can manipulate the text. The language specifies code for formatting, both the layout and style, within a text file. The code which is used to specify the formatting is called “tags.”
Markup becomes a language when principles are codified around how to write and use the markup. That same student could have their own “note taking markup language” if they codified rules like “purple highlighter is for definitions, yellow highlighter is for exam details, and pencil notes in the margins are for additional resources.”
Most markup languages are readable due to the annotations are written in a way to distinguish them from the text. For example, with HTML, XML, and XHTML, the markup tag are. Any text that appears within one of those characters is considered part of the markup language and not part of the annotated text. For example <p>this is a paragraph of text written in HTML. When you format text to be printed (or displayed on a computer or TV), you need to distinguish between the text itself and the instructions for printing the text. The markup is the instructions for displaying or printing the text.
Types of Markup
There are three basic types of markup.
- Structural: that defines the physical structure of a document
- Stylistic: that defines the appearance of content within a document
- Descriptive: that describes the nature of the content. It is also called semantic markup
There is a fair amount of overlap between the categories, but most markup elements will cleanly fall into one category or another if we clearly define our terms.
HTML—HyperText Markup Language:
There are many different markup languages. This article focuses on HTML – a widely known and used markup language.
HTML is written in the form of elements consisting of tags enclosed in angle brackets (like <html>). It defines the way that images, multimedia, and text are displayed in web browsers, which connects your documents (hypertext) and make your web documents interactive. Web browsers can read HTML files and compose them into visible or audible web pages. Web browsers do not display the HTML tags and scripts, but use them to interpret the content of the page. HTML describes the structure of a website semantically along with clues for presentation, making it a markup language, rather than a programming language.
HTML is considered as a standard markup language. That standard was developed by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) which follows upon SGML -Standard Generalized Markup Language. However, HTML is no longer the only standard for web development. When HTML was developed, it become more and more complex and the style and content tags
combined into one language. Eventually, the W3C decided that there was a need for a separation between the style of a web page and the content.
The newest version of HTML is HTML5. HTML5 puts more features into HTML and takes out some of the strictness that was imposed by XHTML.
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Source: References from reliable websites and forums.
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