C++ can be utilized in many other contexts from desktop applications to performance-critical applications (like mobile phones switches) and entertainment software. C++ is a compiled language
which implementations is available on many platforms and provided by various organizations, including the Microsoft, Intel and so on.
Nowadays, many other programming languages have been impacted by C++, including C# , Java, and newer versions of C. Several mobile application developments has been built based on C++ language.
C++ is standardized by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO).
1st standard version of C++ in 1998, described asISO/IEC 14882:1998. Later it was amended by the C++03, ISO/IEC 14882:2003, standard.
C++11 (ISO/IEC 14882:2011) is the 2nd standard version of C++. It puts more new features to the language; it greatly extends the C++ standard library and standard template library.
The latest C++14 standard which was published byISO in December 2014 as ISO/IEC 14882:2014replaced C++11 with new features and an enlarged standard library.
C++ has been called an object-oriented language. C++ improves the procedural-oriented C language with the object-oriented extension. The object-oriented extension assists design, reuse and maintenance for complicated software.
C++ introduces generic programming through the so-called template. You can apply the same algorithm to different data types. C++ has features to support generic, and structured programming styles. It also has pointer arithmetic, bit-twiddling operators, and a “goto” statement. All are useful, in places.
C++ gives a huge set of reusable standard libraries, in particular, the Standard Template Library. You can use these libraries at many levels. They package useful code and show as examples of good interface design, and sometimes brilliant implementation.
C++ is a powerful language for high-performance applications, including writing operating systems and their subsystems, games and animation. The C++ template mechanism can perform significant computation at compile time, for results that consume zero runtime and can express control flow at compile time, to expand an algorithm in-line.
C++ is a bad language or not?
C++ has received many criticism and some programmers consider it as a bad language because it has a few issues:
It lacks a consistent framework that one can use in a portable manner.
The overlapping mechanisms of C and C++ can brings unreadable code.
Template code is so complex to write and it takes years by years to learn how to write C++ with difficult concepts: pointers, references, operator overloading….
Failure mechanisms are combined: the normal C failure mechanisms (core dump) can happen along normal exception handling.
Just one language among many which taking long time to understand fully, C++ still remains as an essential tool for software engineers not because anybody thinks it’s the best possible language but because it’s a single, portable language that works better than any alternative in each of several areas and you can get great benefits from its power immediately.
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Source: Mobile Application Development Using C++