Front-end development is a process developing website factors with which the users integrate directly. It includes programming jobs and element arrangements on the screen, the color and font choices).
Front-end is visible to user in the form of an interface. The main purpose of the front-end code is to interact with user as well as present the content in a well-defined style and layout.
At present, this seems more complicated because of the fact that customers are using a large variety of devices with varying screen sizes. It forces front-end developers to pay attention to these aspects when designing the site. They need to make sure that their site can be able to appear properly in different browsers, different systems and different devices.
HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language) defines the way that images, multimedia, browsers, which connects your documents (hypertext) and make your web documents interactive.
CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets which is a language for designate how documents are presented to users on website
As a bridge, the front-end developers work to connect the designer and back-end developer. When receiving the final designs of an application from the designers, the front-end developers code them into the front-end code so that the back-end developers can comprehensive them and create functionality of that app around them.
Today, tools and techniques which are used to make the front end of a website has been changing constantly. It may be one of the most challenges for front-end developers, and the developer should always be in a willing position to adapt new things.
Definition & function
Contrast to front-end development, the back-end development is a part of website interacting with a server that the user never see. Anything coming up on the website is because of the query performed on the server.
Doing back-end development is a complicated process. The back-end usually includes three parts: a server, an application, and a database. The developer will create an application which connects with a database to search, save or change data and return it back to the user in form of front-end code.
To do this process, Developers need to utilize back end tools to design database like SQL, Ms-Access, Oracle, DB2, Sybase etc. for database and using server-side code like PHP, Ruby, Python, .Net etc. for application.
A back-end developer is a computer programmer who creates the logical back-end and core computational logic of a website, software or information system. Typically, a back-end developer specializes in programming skills in C++, C#, Java another high-level programming language. What they do is to make sure that the data or services requested by the front-end system or software are delivered through programmatic methods. In addition, a back-end developer also performs the testing and debugging of any back-end application or system.
Actually, the two parts need to team up together to make you website work well. It is an intensive connection between the two parts that will push your website forward. You simply need them both in order to create a wonderful users experience for you customers.
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Source: References from reliable websites and forums.
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